Lisinopril is a medication primarily used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), heart failure, and to improve survival after a heart attack. It belongs to a class of drugs called ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors). Lisinopril works by relaxing blood vessels, which helps to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow, reducing the workload on the heart.
Some key points about lisinopril include:
- Indications: It’s commonly prescribed to manage high blood pressure and heart failure. It may also be used after a heart attack to improve survival.
- Mechanism of Action: Lisinopril works by inhibiting the action of the enzyme ACE, which normally causes blood vessels to constrict. By inhibiting this enzyme, it helps blood vessels to relax and widen, reducing blood pressure.
- Dosage: The typical starting dose for high blood pressure is usually 10 mg once daily. However, the dosage can vary based on individual health conditions and response to the medication.
- Side Effects: Common side effects of lisinopril may include dizziness, headache, persistent cough, low blood pressure, and changes in kidney function. Rarely, it can cause more severe side effects like allergic reactions or increased levels of potassium in the blood.
- Precautions: Lisinopril might not be suitable for everyone, especially those with a history of certain medical conditions or those taking specific medications. It’s important to inform your healthcare provider about your medical history and any other medications or supplements you’re taking before starting lisinopril.
- Monitoring: Doctors may periodically monitor blood pressure, kidney function, and potassium levels while someone is taking lisinopril.
- Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: It is generally not recommended during pregnancy. Due to the potential harm it can cause to the fetus. It’s also advised to avoid it while breastfeeding.
It’s essential to take lisinopril exactly as prescribed by a healthcare professional. To follow up with your doctor regularly to monitor its effects and address any concerns or side effects. Avoid changing the dosage or stopping the medication without consulting your doctor first.